The place for fans of Canadian University Football

A Brief Introduction

Origins of the Game

Central Canada
- CIRFU 1898-1914
- Post WWI 1919-39
- Post WWII 1946-54
- A New Era 1955-66
- Ontario & Quebec 1967-79
- Ontario & Quebec 1980-

Western Canada
- WIRFU 1927-58
- WIFL 1959-1971
- CWUAA 1972-1998
- CW 1999-Present

Atlantic Canada
- Nova Scotia 1940-57
- NB and PEI 1948-57
- Atlantic Canada 1958-73
- AUFC 1974-Present

National and Regional Championships
- Introduction
- Churchill Bowl 1953-1964
- Churchill Bowl 1965-2002
- Atlantic Bowl 1959-2001
- Mitchell Bowl 2002-Present
- Uteck Bowl 2003-Present
- Vanier Cup 1965-Present

Conference Membership
- Atlantic
- Ontario
- Quebec
- West


A History of Canadian University Football
By Robert E. Watkins, B.A., M.Sc., Ph.D. - revised May 2006


Barette, Lee A. (1998). "Support it properly or drop it": The development of Canadian football at Acadia University. Unpublished Honours B.A. Thesis, Acadia University.

Brown, David, W. (1980). The history and development of organized Canadian football in Nova Scotia. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Dalhousie University.

CAHPER. (1966). Physical education and athletics in Canadian universities and colleges: A statement of recommended policies and standards. Toronto: CAHPER Conference, May 29-31.

Canadian Football Hall of Fame. (1996). Visit and perusal of Canadian university football programs--various schools, various years. Hamilton, ON: Canadian Football Hall of Fame Archives.

Canadian Football News. (1951-1956, 1959-1961). Various articles on Canadian Intercollegiate Football.

Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union. (1961-1979). Various documents. Ottawa: National Archives.

CIAU. (1988). 1988 CIAU football media guide. Ottawa: Canadian Interuniversity Athletic Union.

CIAU. (1999). CIAU almanac: 1999-2000 (pp. 29-90). Ottawa: Canadian Interuniversity Athletic Union.

Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union (The). (1910). Constitution, by-laws, rules of the game and schedule. Ottawa: Ottawa Printing Co. Ltd.

Cosentino, Frank. (1969). A history of Canadian football: 1909-1968. Unpublished M.A. Thesis, University of Alberta.

Cosentino, Frank. (1969). Canadian football: The Grey Cup years. Toronto: The Musson Book Company Limited.

Cosentino, Frank. (1974). One hundred years of Canadian Intercollegiate football. CAFA Journal, 1 (1) , 6-7,12.

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Daub, Merv. (1996). Gael force: A century of football at Queen's. Montreal & Kingston, ON: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Fairs, J.R. (1971). The athletics-physical education dichotomy: The genesis of the intercollegiate athletic movement. Canadian Journal of History of Sport, 2(1), 44-69.

Football Fanfare. (1957-1958). Various articles on Canadian Intercollegiate Football.

Fraser, James A. (1970). By force of circumstance: A history of St. Thomas University. Fredericton, NB: Miramichi Press Limited.

Heard, Clark P. (1996). Sport and image during world war II: The issue of intercollegiate football continuation at the University of Western Ontario. Sport History Review, 27, 155-172.

Kelly, Graham. (2001). Green grit: The story of the Saskatchewan Roughriders. Toronto: Harper Collins.

Kollins, Rick. (1977). The history of Varsity Blues football. Toronto: University of Toronto. (Updated in 1993 by Paul Carlson.)

Kossuth, Robert S. (1996). The decline of English rugby and the rise of Canadian football in Halifax: 1930 - 1954. Unpublished M.H.K. Thesis, University of Windsor.

Kurtzman, Joseph B. (1969). A critical analysis of the CIAU: 1961-1966. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Iowa.

Kurtzman, Joseph B. (1969). A critical analysis of the CIAU: 1961-1966. CAHPER Journal, 35(4) , 20-21,23.

Loosemoore, J.P. (1961). Intercollegiate athletics in Canada: Its organization and development. Journal of the Canadian Association of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, 28(2), 9-10,40.

MacDonald, G. Edward. (1989). The history of St. Dunstan's University, 1855-1956. Charlottetown, PEI: Prince Edward Island Museum and Heritage Foundation.

Matthews, A.W. (1974). Athletics in Canadian universities: The report on the AUCC/CIAU study of athletic programs in Canadian universities. Ottawa: Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.

Morrow, D. (1989). Sport and physical education in schools and universities. In D. Morrow, M. Keyes, W. Simpson, F. Cosentino and R. Lappage (Eds.), A Concise History of Sport in Canada (pp. 69-87, 349-352). Don Mills, ON: Oxford University Press Canada.

Moriarty, R.J. (1971). The organizational history of the Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union Central (CIAUC): 1906 -1955. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Ohio State University.

Ottawa-Saint Lawrence Intercollegiate Athletic Association (OSLIAA). (1955 - 1970). Various documents. Ottawa: National Archives.

Queen's University. (2002-2003). Golden Gaels Football Media Guide. Kingston, ON: Queen's University.

Reed, T.A. (1945). The blue and white: A record of fifty years of athletic endeavour at the University of Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

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Speers, Ian. 2005. Personal communication.

St. Dunstan's University. (1949-1969). Red and White. Student Newspaper (microform). Ottawa, ON: National Library.

Stauffer, Bob. (2003). History: Golden Bears football. Edmonton: University of Alberta Athletics Webpage.

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Taylor, A.W. (Ed.) (1986). The role of interuniversity athletics: A Canadian perspective. London, ON: Sports Dynamics.

University of British Columbia. (2002). All time game results. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Athletics Webpage.

University of Manitoba. (1962-63). Brown and Gold (Yearbook). Vol.44, pp. 224-131. Winnipeg, MB: The Students' Union.

Zukerman, Earl. (2000). The history of the Sir Winston Churchill Bowl. Unpublished document. Montreal: Athletics Department, McGill University.

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